Last updated on 25 September 2003

UK list of legal names for fish species

Sea fish, freshwater fish and shellfish

Sea Fish
Anchovy All species of the family Engraulidae
Barracuda All species of Sphyraena
Barramundi Lates calcarifer
Bass or Sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax (L.)
Japanese sea bass Lateolabrax japonicus
Spotted sea bass Dicentrarchus punctatus
Southern rock bass Paralabrax callaensis
Bigeye All species of Priacanthus
Bluefish or Tailor Pomatomus saltatrix
Bogue Boops boops
Bonito All species of Sarda
All species of Euthynnus, with the exception of Euthynnus (Katsuwonus) pelamis
All species of Auxis
Brill Scophthalmus rhombus (L.)
Brisling Sprattus sprattus (L.) when canned
Catfish or Rockfish or Wolffish All species of Anarhichas
Cobia Rachycentron canadum
Cod or Codling Gadus morhua
Pacific cod or Cod Gadus macrocephalus
Greenland cod or Cod Gadus ogac
Saffron cod Eleginus gracilis
Red cod Pseudophycis bachus
Blue cod Parapercis colias
Coley or Saithe or Coalfish Pollachius virens (L.)
Conger All species of Conger
Croaker or Drum or Jewfish All species of the family Sciaenidae
Dab Limanda limanda (L.)
Yellowtail dab Limanda ferruginea
Pacific sand dab Citharichthys sordidus
Dogfish or Flake or Huss or Rigg or Rock Salmon or Rock Eel All species of Galeorhinus
All species of Mustelus,
All species of Scyliorhinus,
Galeus melastomus,
Squalus acanthias
(L.)
Dory or John Dory or St Peter's fish Zeus faber (L.)
Eel All species of Anguilla
Emperor All species of Lethrinus
Escolar or Snake Mackerel All species of the family Gempylidae
Flounder Platichthys flesus (L.)
Flying fish All species of the family Exocoetidae
Greenling Ophiodon elongatus
Grouper All species of Mycteroperca
All species of Epinephelus
Gurnard All species of the family Triglidae
Peristedion cataphractum (L.)
Haddock Melanogrammus aeglefinus (L.)
Hake All species of Merluccius Alternatively, the following may be used
Cape hake Merluccius capensis
Merluccius paradoxus
White hake Urophycis tenuis
Halibut Hippoglossus hippoglossus (L.)
Hippoglossus stenolepis
Black halibut or Mock halibut Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Walbaum)
Herring Clupea harengus (L.)
Hilsa Tenualosa ilisha
Hoki Macruronus novaezelandiae
Chilean hoki Macruronus magellanicus
Jack
or Scad or Horse Mackerel or Trevally
All species of Caranx
All species of Hemicaranx
All species of Seriola
All species of Trachurus
All species of Decapterus
Kingklip Genypterus capensis
Ladyfish All species of the family Elopidae
Ling All species of Molva
Lumpfish or Lumpsucker Cyclopterus lumpus
Mackerel All species of Scomber
King Mackerel or Kingfish Scomberomorus cavalla
Mahi Mahi Coryphaena hippurus
Marlin All species of Makaira
Megrim All species of Lepidorhombus
Milkfish Chanos chanos
Monk(fish) or Angler(fish) Lophius piscatorius (L.)
Lophius americanus
Cape monk(fish) or Cape angler(fish) Lophius vomerinus
Red mullet All species of Mullus
Goatfish All other species of the family Mullidae
Grey mullet All species of Mugil
All species of Liza
All species of Chelon
Opah or Moonfish All species of Lampris
Orange roughy Hoplostethus atlanticus
Parrotfish All species of the family Scaridae
Picarel Spicara smaris
Pilchard Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum)
Pacific pilchard Sardinops sagax that has been caught in the Pacific Ocean.
South Atlantic pilchard Sardinops sagax that has been caught in the South Atlantic Ocean.
Plaice Pleuronectes platessa (L.)
American plaice Hippoglossoides platessoides (Fabr.)
Pollack or Pollock or Lythe Pollachius pollachius (L.)
Pacific pollack or Pacific pollock or Alaska pollack or Alaska pollock Theragra chalcogramma (Pallas)
Pomfret or Butterfish All species of Brama
All species of Stromateus
All species of Pampus
Poor cod Trisopterus minutus
Pout or Pout Whiting or Pouting or Bib Trisopterus luscus
Rainbow runner Elagatis bipinnulata
Redfish or Ocean perch or Rose fish All species of Sebastes
All species of Helicolenus
Sablefish Anoplopoma fimbria
Sailfish All species of Istiophorus
Sardine Small Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum)
Sardinella All species of Sardinella
Scabbard fish or Sabre or Sabre fish or Silver sabre or Black sabre Lepidopus caudatus
Aphanopus carbo
Sea bream or Porgy All species of the family Sparidae except Boops boops
Sild Small Clupea harengus (L.), when canned
Small Sprattus sprattus (L.), when canned
Skate or Ray or Roker All species of Raja
Smelt or Sparling All species of Osmerus
Snapper All species of the family Lutjanidae
Alternatively, the following may be used
Jobfish All species of Aphareus
All species of Aprion
All species of Pristipomoides
Snook All species of Centropomus
Sole or Dover sole Solea solea (L.)
Butter sole Isopsetta isolepis
Californian sole Parophrys vetulus
Lemon sole Microstomus kitt (Walbaum)
Petrale sole Eopsetta jordani
Rex sole or Long-finned sole Glyptocephalus zachirus
Rock sole Lepidopsetta bilineata
Pacific sole Microstomus pacificus
Torbay sole or Witch Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (L.)
Sprat Sprattus sprattus (L.), except when canned
Swordfish Xiphias gladius
Tarpon All species of the family Megalopidae
Threadfin bream All species of Nemipterus
Toothfish or Icefish Dissostichus mawsoni
Dissostichus eleginoides
Tuna or Tunny All species of Thunnus
Skipjack tuna (or tuna) Katsuwonus pelamis
Albacore tuna (or tuna) Thunnus alalunga
Yellowfin tuna (or tuna) Thunnus albacares
Bluefin tuna (or tuna) Thunnus thynnus
Bigeye tuna (or tuna) Thunnus obesus
Turbot Psetta maxima
Wahoo Acanthocybium solandri
Whitebait Small Clupea harengus (L.)
Small Sprattus sprattus (L.)
(except when canned)
Whiting Merlangius merlangus (L.)
Blue whiting Micromesistius poutassou (Risso)
Southern blue whiting Micromesistius australis
Winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus (Walbaum)
Salmon and Freshwater Fish
Bacha Eutropiichthys vacha
Batashi Pseudeutropius atherinoides
Carp All species of the family Cyprinidae
Alternatively the following may be used
Mowrala Amblypharyngodon mola
Banspata Danio devario
Bata Labeo bata
Kalibous Labeo calbasu
Ghania Labeo gonius
Ruhi Labeo rohita
Punti Puntius sarana
Chelapata
Salmostoma bacaila
Catfish or American catfish or Channel catfish All species of the family Ictaluridae
Catfish All species of the family Clariidae
All species of the family Siluridae
All species of the family Bagridae
Alternatively the following may be used
Magur Clarias batrachus
Gulsha Mystus bleekeri
Buzuri Mystus tengara
Tengra Mystus vittatus
Pabda Ompok pabda
Ayre Sperata aor
Boal
Wallago attu
Chapila Gudusia chapra
Char All species of Salvelinus
Kakila Xenentodon cancila
Keski Corica soborna
Khalisha Colisa fasciatus
Koi Anabas testudineus
Largebaim Mastacembelus armatus
Meni Nandus nandus
Nile Perch Lates niloticus
Pacific dory or Vietnamese sole Pangasius bocourti
Patabaim Macrognathus aculeatus
Queen fish Botia dario
River cobbler Pangasius micronemus
Pangasius hypophthalmus
Salmon or Atlantic salmon Salmo salar (L.)*
Cherry salmon or Pacific salmon Oncorhynchus masou masou*
Chum salmon or Keta salmon Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum)*
Medium red salmon or Coho salmon or Silver salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum)*
Pink salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum)*
Red salmon or Sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum)*
Spring salmon or King salmon or Chinook salmon or Pacific salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Walbaum)*
Shol Channa striata
Taki Channa punctata
Tilapia All species of Tilapia
All species of Oreochromis
Trout or Brown trout Salmo trutta trutta (L.) which has spent all of its life in fresh water
Sea trout or Salmon trout Salmo trutta trutta (L.) which has spent part of its life in sea water
Cut-throat trout or trout Oncorhynchus clarki clarki
Rainbow trout or Steelhead trout or trout Oncorhynchus mykiss
Shellfish
Abalone or Ormer All species of Haliotis
Clam or Hard shell clam Mercenaria mercenaria (L.)
Venus verrucosa (L.)
Clam or Razor clam All species of Ensis and Solen
Geoduck or Geoduck clam Panopea abrupta
Surf clam All species of Spisula
Cockle All species of Cerastoderma
Crab All species of the order Brachyura
All species of the family Lithodidae
Crayfish All species of the family Astacidae
All species of the family Parastacidae
All species of the family Austroastacidae
All species of the family Cambaridae
Cuttlefish All species of Sepia
Rossia macrosoma
Lobster All species of Homarus
Slipper lobster All species of the family Scyllaridae
Squat lobster All species of the family Galatheidae
Crawfish or Spiny lobster or Rock lobster All species of Panulirus
All species of Palinurus
All species of Jasus
Indian ocean lobster Puerulus sewelli
Mussel All species of the family Mytilidae
Octopus All species of Octopus
Oyster All species of Crassostrea
All species of Ostrea
Oyster or Portuguese oyster Crassostrea angulata (Lmk.)
Oyster or Pacific oyster or Rock oyster Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg)
Oyster or Native oyster Ostrea edulis (L.)
Prawn or Shrimp Whole fish (of a size which, when cooked, have a count of less than 397 per kg) or tails (of a size which, when peeled and cooked, have a count of less than 1,323 per kg) of:
  • all species of the family Palaemonidae,
  • all species of the family Penaeidae, and
  • all species of the family Pandalidae
King prawn
All species of the family Palaemonidae
All species of the family Penaeidae
Where the count is less than
123 per kg (head on/shell on) or less than
198 per kg (head off/shell on) or less than 242 per kg (head off/shell off)
Tiger prawn
Penaeus monodon
Penaeus semisulcatus
Penaeus esculentus
Penaeus kerathurus
Penaeus japonicus
Parapenaeopsis hardwickii
Parapenaeopsis sculptilis
Scallop or King scallop Pecten maximus
Atlantic scallop or Scallop Placopecten magellanicus
Queen scallop or Queen or Scallop Chlamys (Aequipecten) opercularis
Scallop or Common scallop All species of the family Pectinidae
Scampi or Norway lobster or Dublin Bay prawn or Langoustine Nephrops norvegicus (L.)
Pacific scampi Metanephrops andamanicus
Metanephrops challengeri
Metanephrops thomsoni
Shrimp Whole fish (of a size which, when cooked, have a count of 397 per kg or more) or tails (of a size which, when peeled and cooked, have a count of 1,323 per kg or more) of:
  • all species of the family Palaemonidae,
  • all species of the family Penaeidae, and
  • all species of the family Pandalidae
Shrimp or Pink shrimp Pandalus montagui
Shrimp or Brown shrimp All species of Crangon
Squid All species of Loligo
All species of Illex
Ommastrephes sagittatus
Arrow Squid Nototodarus sloani
Nototodarus gouldi
Whelk All species of Buccinum
Winkle All species of Littorina