The new rules will focus on the visual inspection of all pigs and will mean health checks can be carried out in a way that reduces the risk of bacteria being spread around the meat.
Scientific evidence has shown that inspection, where the carcass and offal is handled and cut, can spread harmful bacteria. Further inspection procedures will still be carried out, but only where information from the farm or visual inspection at the abattoir has identified potential concerns.
There will also be stricter rules for salmonella control and more risk-based testing for the parasite Trichinella.
The consultation, which runs until Tuesday 6 May 2014, is seeking views on the practical application of the changes in the UK and the costs, benefits and wider impacts for stakeholders.
Steve Wearne, Director of Policy at the FSA, said: 'The current system needs modernising. Our meat hygiene controls were developed more than a century ago to tackle the health concerns of the day. A modernised inspection system will protect consumers better and be more proportionate to slaughterhouses that control risks effectively.
'We want to ensure the new controls are proportionate and take into account the views of producers and consumers of pork. We look forward to hearing all of the views that come out of this consultation.'
This story has been updated since it was first published.