UK Vineyard Register

Last updated:
28 April 2016
vines
Wine Standards is responsible for maintaining the Vineyard Register in the United Kingdom.

All vineyards larger than 0.1 hectares in size must be registered. Smaller vineyards must also be registered if they operate commercially. The wine regulations specify the data which must be gathered, including the area of the vineyard and the areas for different vine varieties grown. Annual harvest and production declarations are part of the Vineyard Register. The overall production figures are provided to the European Commission. We compile reports on vineyard data at the start of each wine “marketing year” in August.

For the 2015 wine year there were 502 commercial vineyards (comprising 133 wine producers) in England and Wales. . A full list of commercial vineyards is available below. In addition, there are 87 vineyards which are classified as hobby vineyards as their production is not sold or recorded and around 49 abandoned vineyards. Commercial vineyards are sub-divided into growers without wine making facilities and wineries which make wine from their own production and from grapes processed under contract or purchased from other vineyards.

Vine plantings

The total area under vine in the UK including hobby and abandoned vineyards is approximately 1956 hectares. The productive area for the 2015 harvest is estimated to be approximately 1839 hectares

The majority of commercial vineyard plantings are situated in South East England with approximately 1186 hectares under vine in Kent, East and West Sussex, Surrey, Hampshire, and the Isle of Wight. There are approximately 235 hectares in the South West (Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, Somerset Wiltshire and Gloucestershire.

Kent contains the largest area under vine with approximately 311 hectares, followed by West Sussex with 290 hectares and then Hampshire with 230 hectares. Vineyards also extend into Essex and East Anglia, the Midlands, with some even further north. There are now almost 40 hectares of vines planted in Wales.

The main vine varieties grown in the UK are now dominated by the classic sparkling wine varieties, mainly Chardonnay (approximately 518 hectares) and Pinot Noir (approximately 483 hectares). The other classic sparkling varieties account for 194 hectares. The classic sparkling (PDO) varieties now make up over 60 % of the planted area within the U.K.

The longer established white varieties Bacchus, Seyval Blanc, Reichensteiner and Muller-Thurgau account for approximately 374 hectares, around 20% of the total area.

Wine Production

Each year Growers and Producers respectively complete Harvest Declarations and Production Declarations. The information gathered helps underpin the UK Quality Wine Schemes in respect of traceability, provides the industry with valuable information and enables the UK to submit formal declarations to the EU.

Just over 38000 hectolitres of wine were produced in 2015. The 2014 harvest was the largest ever with 48267.41 hectolitres of wine being produced. In comparison the 2012 harvest was disappointing.

Wines may be marketed as English (Welsh) Quality Wine (Protected Designation of Origin) or English (Welsh) Regional Wine (Protected Geographical Indication) if they meet analytical and tasting criteria and the verification checks of the producer’s winery records by the Wine Standards Inspectors are satisfactory.

In 2014-15 there were 336 applications (133 for PDO status and 203 for PGI status) with a 90% success rate. Details of successful wines are published on the United Kingdom Vineyards Association (UKVA) website www.ukva.org.uk.

Wines may also be sold as Varietal Wine (labelled with vine variety/vintage) if a notification is made to the UKVA.

Planting and production statistics

Main varieties * = hybrid variety

Top 15 Varieties by area
Variety Area
Chardonnay 517.96
Pinot Noir 483.11
Bacchus 165.20
Pinot Meunier 123.69
*Seyval Blanc 94.35
Reichensteiner 71.10
Rondo (GM 6494/5) 53.97
Muller Thurgau 43.83
Madeleine Angevine 38.77
Ortega 38.13
Fruhburgunder 31.82
Solaris 30.29
Regent 28.58
Schonburger 26.34
Phoenix >25.10

Top 15 vine areas by County

Top 15 vine areas by County
County Area
Kent 343.91
West Sussex 296.15
Hants 234.51
East Sussex 230.94
Surrey 132.39
Essex 118.76
Devon 73.71
Gloucestershire 64.47
Dorset 47.16
OXON 33.61
Cornwall 29.84
Herefordshire 29.78
Suffolk 26.25
Shropshire 26.01
Berkshire 23.53

Wine production data

Wine production data
Year Hectolitres produced Hectares in production
2015 38019.65 1839.28
2014 48267.41 1505.73
2013 33,384 1,375
2012 7,751 1,297
2011 22,659 1,208
2010 30,346 1,094.5
2009 23,835 945.9
2008 10,068.8 785.2
2007 9,947 697
2006 25,210.14 747
2005 12,806.3 722
2004 18,482 722