April 2018 update on the Animal Nutrition Section of the SCoPAFF

This update provides information about the meeting of the Animal Nutrition (AN) Section of the Standing Committee on Plants, Animals, Food and Feed (SCoPAFF) held on 24-25 April 2018.

Meeting schedule

The next meeting is scheduled (unconfirmed) for 27-29 June 2018.

 

Feed additives

The Committee voted on four Commission proposals relating to feed additive legislation; as summarised in the table below:

 

Agenda Item Additive(other legislation) Authorisation type Vote

B.01

SANTE/11975/2017

Zootechnical:

Preparation of benzoic acid, calcium formate and fumaric acid for chickens for fattening and chickens reared for laying.

New authorisation

Unanimous in favour

 

B.02

SANTE/11976/2017

Zootechnical:

Benzoic acid for minor porcine species for fattening and for reproduction.

New authorisation

Unanimous in favour

B.04

SANTE/10898/2016

Nutritional:

[Copper compounds] Copper(II) diacetate monohydrate, Copper(II) carbonate dihydroxy monohydrate, Copper(II) chloride dihydrate, Copper(II) oxide, Copper(II) sulphate pentahydrate, Copper(II) chelate of amino acids hydrate, Copper(II) chelate of protein hydrolysates, Copper(II) chelate of glycine hydrate (solid) and Copper(II) chelate of glycine hydrate (liquid) for all animal species.

Re- authorisation

Unanimous in favour

B.05

DGT/2017/5213742

Other:

Correcting the Dutch language version of Regulation (EU) No 68/2013 on the Catalogue of Feed Materials.

Administrative

Unanimous in favour

 

The vote for item B.03 was deferred for the denial of authorisation of vitamin B2 (Riboflavin 80%) produced by Bacillus subtilis KCCM-10445. This denial of authorisation was initiated following the identification of residual viable GM cells and genetic material (including AMR genes) within the finished feed additive product. This product is one of three vitamin B2 re-authorisations undergoing re-evaluation with one completed (unpublished) and one near-completion by EFSA. It is acknowledged that this denial of this single vitamin B2 product may lead to added market pressures. However, with animal feed safety as the primary concern; short transition periods have been set, for one month for the feed additive and three months for incorporated feedstuffs.

The vote on copper compounds (B.04) was concluded; and of note, with maximum permitted limits (MPLs) for piglets agreed at 150mg/kg up to 4 weeks after weaning, 100mg/kg to 8 weeks after weaning and then reduced to 25mg/kg.

Thirty-one other feed additive authorisations were discussed briefly, with comments on the most notable including:

  • applications for four separate authorisations for coccidiostats. Sacox® (salinomycin sodium) is being progressed as an urgent authorisation for rabbits, following the unintended consequence of a rise in coccidiosis observed in European breeding farms due to recent requirements to improve animal welfare. EFSA assessments on the remaining coccidiostat applications have raised concerns over environmental impacts.
  • With ongoing uncertainty surrounding the reauthorisation of a number of antioxidants, butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) was presented for discussion. Whilst a generally favourable EFSA opinion was published; its safety for cats could not be determined, which would need to be resolved for future use within the petfood sector as an important antioxidant.

Following the recent withdrawal of feed additives under Regulation (EU) No.2017/1145, the Commission presented a list of feed additives to be de-classified, as now viewed out of scope as feed additives (e.g. vegetal carbon or sodium citrate).  Discussion is to be held on the validity of this list or for inclusion of additional candidate entries for their legal status to be amended.   

Discussion continued on the creation of new functional groups for groups 1(o) other technologicals and 4(e) animal welfare enhancers. The Commission has further progressed and refined this draft Regulation and following discussion, there may be further agreement reached with incorporation of a number of Member State recommendations.

 

PARNUTS

The Commission provided an update on the draft Annex for PARNUTS, explaining that this Regulation will ultimately repeal Directive 2008/38/EC. The current draft Regulation maintains the existing text which requires the function of feed additives as PARNUTS to remain aligned with their authorised nutritional characteristic. There was also recognition that with the loss of the PARNUT application to reduce stress reactions in equines, that appropriate transition periods would allow opportunity for a new application to be submitted if desired.

 

Feed hygiene

There was no update on the Commission’s revised legal interpretation for interim measures on imports from third countries under Articles 23-24 of Regulation (EC) 183/2005, which would indicate that third countries will be required to establish third country representation for all feedstuffs. We await the formal meeting minutes to be published.

Discussion was held on the legal interpretation of processing aids in context of definitions stated within the legislation for feed additives (Article 2(2)(h) of Regulation (EC) No 1831/2003) and cascaded within Regulation (EC) No.767/2009 on placing feed on the market. As part of discussions, Commission reiterated the requirements for labelling processing aids under part 4 of Annex A within Regulation (EU) No.2017/1017 for the Catalogue of feed materials, where materials with tolerated residues are complemented with relevant information provided by feed business operators in the context of usual commercial transactions.

The Guidelines for the feed use of food no longer intended for human consumption has now been published (previously referred to as ‘the former foodstuffs as feed guide’). Further discussion and progress has also been made on the Guidance document on the implementation provisions for the hygiene of feedstuffs, although further work is required.

A final version of the FEDIAF Code of Good Labelling Practice continued to raise minor concerns within the Committee and a request was made for final comments to be submitted prior to intended endorsement.

 

Undesirable substances

Following significant discussion dedicated to undesirable substances at the February 2018 meeting, only a brief update was provided in April, of note this included:

  • notification of the upcoming Mycotoxin forum (14-15 May 2018). The aim of the forum is to provide an update on recent EFSA opinions; the ongoing EU mycotoxin research project and on stakeholders’ efforts and challenges faced in the prevention and reduction of mycotoxins (i.e. Fusarium toxins) in cereals and cereal products for food and feed.
  • an outline of the 2018 EURL work programmes for metals and nitrogenous compounds in feed (including assay development for nitrites and nitrates) and the workstream for mycotoxins and plant toxins.
  • an update on the analysis of urea (carbamide). Discussion focused on the robustness of the analytical method as laid down in Regulation (EC) No.152/2009 on feed controls. The Commission acknowledged that this colorimetric method may be outdated and more advanced enzymatic or LC/MS methods could be preferred across a wider range of feed matrices, albeit validation is still required.

 

More about SCoPAFF and its Animal Nutrition Section

SCoPAFF is a European Commission regulatory committee that was established by Regulation 178/2002, a regulation that includes the laying down of principles and requirements of feed law. Meetings of the committee are chaired by European Commission officials, and attended by member states' representatives. The Committee can give an opinion, that is to say a vote, on certain proposed measures, prior to their possible adoption by the Commission.