June 2019 update on the Animal Nutrition Section of the Standing Committee on Plants, Animals, Food and Feed

This update provides information about the meeting of the Animal Nutrition (AN) Section of the Standing Committee on Plants, Animals, Food and Feed (SCoPAFF) held on 24-26 June 2019.

Meeting schedule

The next meeting is scheduled for 9-11 September 2019.

Feed additives

The Committee voted on five Commission proposals relating to feed additive legislation; as summarised in the table below:

 

Agenda Item Additive(other legislation) Authorisation type Vote

B.01

SANTE/10560/2019

Zootechnical:

Preparation of endo-1,4-beta-xylanase produced by Bacillus subtilis LMG S-27588 for chickens for fattening or reared for laying, turkeys for fattening or reared for breeding, minor poultry species for fattening or reared for laying or for breeding, weaned piglets, pigs for fattening and minor porcine species.

New authorisation

In favour

B.02

SANTE/10666/2019

Zootechnical:

Preparation of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (NRRL B50508), Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (NRRL B-50509) and Bacillus subtilis (NRRL B-50510) for pigs for fattening and minor porcine species for fattening.

New authorisation

In favour

B.03

SANTE/10578/2019

Zootechnical:

Preparation of Enterococcus faecium (DSM 7134) for sows.

New authorisation In favour

B.04

SANTE/10574/2019

Zootechnical:

Preparation of 6-phytase, produced by Aspergillus niger (DSM 25770) for chickens for fattening or reared for laying.

New authorisation In favour

B.05

SANTE/10692/2019

Nutritional:

L-valine produced by Corynebacterium glutamicum KCCM 11201P for all animal species.
New authorisation In favour

* Re-authorisation of existing application (1831/2003 Article 10(2)) with co-application for additional scope (Article 10(7))

 ** QMV = Qualified majority vote (Due to voting instructions not received by all Member States)

 

Forty-one other feed additive applications were briefly discussed, with the usual refinements on conditions of use. However; of note, discussions held on:

  • Cassia gum as a gelling agent which is particularly important for the pet-food sector. Debate continued on the proposed transition periods to substitute the semi-refined feed-grade form with the authorisation being progressed for the purified food-grade form. No consensus agreed on transition timelines within this meeting.
  • Benzoic acid maximum permitted limits (MPLs) based on the differential functional uses of benzoic acid. No consensus agreed within this meeting.
  • Multiple applications for colourants, where the EURL has established the validity of analytical methods and will allow progress of their authorisation.

 

A near-final list of products considered out of scope of Regulation (EC) No 1831/2003 was presented, with minor refinements from the April meeting. Such amendments included the consensus of sorbitol and mannitol being viewed as feed additives; vegetal carbon remaining a feed material, and generic forms (non-authorised bacterial strains) of vitamin B2 being included for withdrawal.

On preservative feed additives, the Commission stated that the use of Technological (e.g. preservatives) and Sensory feed additives are not permitted for use in water under animal feed legislation. This position is framed within Article 6 of Regulation (EC) 1831/2003 where Technological and Sensory feed additives are explicitly defined as being added to feed, unlike the other functional categories. It is unclear which Regulation would capture the use of preservatives in drinking water for animals. The Commission also distinguished the use of organic salts as feed additives or feed materials, where the Catalogue of Feed Materials has provision for the use of organic acid salts (of greater than four carbon atoms). The Commission explained that organic acids are evaluated on a case-by-case basis; for example, potassium sorbate is an effective preservative (feed additive) but not a major source of potassium to meet an animal’s nutritional demands as other organic acids under the Catalogue definition.

An update was provided on the progress of the REFIT of Regulation 1831/2003 on feed additives to determine its effectiveness, efficiency, relevance and coherence with other EU legislation. The recent European public consultation closed in April 2019, with c.110 feedback responses. Competent Authorities are to be contacted to participate in the next stage of consultation.

A short update was also given on Regulation (EC) 429/2008 for the preparation of technical dossiers for feed additive authorisations. Little progress has been made recently, where consideration must now be made in context of recent EFSA Guidance publications and the proposed amendments within General Food Law.

The Commission presented a list of twenty old feed additive dossiers which have remained active over the last decade where EFSA is awaiting additional information from the applicant, although the dossier point-of-contact is now unknown. Member States were asked to provide contact details where identifiable.

Short discussion was held on the state-of-play of ethoxyquin in context of expiry dates in the transition periods between September and December 2019 for the feed additive, premixtures and compound feeds. The Commission indicated that there had been delays in the applicant submitting the final datasets required for EFSA to conclude its assessment. The Commission highlighted that industry are aware of this situation on the upcoming suspension timelines of ethoxyquin and that alternative products/processes should be explored.

PARNUTS

A final Regulation was presented on dietetic feeds (PARNUTs) which provides explicit reference to the use of boluses within individual PARNUT entries, although other oral delivery systems are not specifically listed. This Regulation is now to be subject to a sixty-day consultation via World Trade Organisation SPS notification and also under a one-month consultation via European Commission’s public portal over the Summer months.

Feed hygiene

The Commission provided a detailed overview on new measures being undertaken within Animal Nutrition and more widely; on the greater use of delegated acts on Feed additives (Regulation (EC) 1831/2003 only), Undesirable substances (Directive 2002/32/EC) and Feed hygiene Regulation (EC) 183/2005). The Commission noted that Regulation (EC) 767/2009 on the marketing of feed may be transferred to delegated acts in the future. Procedures for these Regulations will now be controlled by delegated acts following consensus of an expert group; and not progressing to vote within SCoPAFF-AN, before being presented to the European Parliament and Council for final vote and adoption. The expert group may be comprised of key stakeholders from Member States, EEA, EFSA, trade associations, industry etc, and observer status granted to European Parliament and Council representatives. The European Commission is preparing an Open Call for Experts for expert selection which is anticipated to first assemble by year-end.

An error introduced into Annex VII of Regulation (EC) 767/2009 relating to labelling requirements for non-food producing animals where the term ‘crude fibre’ was published in the plural in English and three translated versions. The Committee agreed that this correction for ‘crude fibre’ (in the singular) could be accepted within the Commission’s published SCoPAFF Summary, rather than being rectified through the protracted comitology process for such a minor amendment.

Continued discussion held on the validity of entries within the Register of Feed Materials, with a focus on potentially erroneous entries provided by Member States. Confirmation was provided that multiple entries for cannabidiol (CBD) based products had recently been removed from the Register. The Commission also indicated that the classification of a naturally-rich fungal source of vitamin B2 (riboflavin) from Ashbya gossypii is still under investigation as to whether this would be classified as a feed material or feed additive.

The Commission gave a presentation on the new requirements for Official Controls in food and feed, with a focus on the introduction of a single Common Health Entry Document (CHED) to replace the Common Entry Document (CED); and on the data transfer system via IMSOC (integrating TRACES, RASFF and Europhyt systems). Implementation of these new Official Controls will come into force on 14 December 2019 with transition periods where either system may be used.

Undesirable substances

The Commission flagged that a single analytical method may be utilized for the analysis of total and inorganic arsenic; however, two separate extraction methods will be required for their determination, as inorganic arsenic requires a ‘softer’ extraction procedure than for total arsenic. These methods are to be made publicly available by the EURL in due course. The Commission also extended the Call for occurrence data on inorganic arsenic in feed by one year to 31 October 2021 in order to allow sufficient datasets to be gathered.

The Commission noted that maximum residue levels (MRLs) may be adapted under the ALARA principle for dioxins and PCBs in calcium soaps of fatty acids from fish-oil, for such feed materials with a high content of fish-oil. Going forwards, values could be set for non-dioxin-like PCBs in starting materials, and both dioxin-like and non-dioxin-like dioxins and PCBs could be established for calcium soaps.

Occurrence data held within the EFSA database on dioxins and PCBs in feed is sparse (at the congener profile level) and that consideration will be initially be given to foodstuffs, once WHO have reviewed the toxicity equivalence factors (TEFs) next year. Reductions in MRLs will be considered in context of analytical methods relating to sensitivity (LoD) and cost, as currently being explored by the EURL Network.

EFSA datasets on Deoxynivalenol (DON) and its modified forms indicate potential animal health issue for pigs, sows, piglets and fish. DON guidance values do not require amendment in context of consumer protection as DON is not carried-over into products of animal origin; however, a review on animal health is required.

Similar concerns held for T2/HT-2 in feed, where concern is held on potential risks for particular animal species, and the Commission is to consider a shift away from indicative guidance levels to setting MRLs, as is the case being developed for foodstuffs.

The Commission made a request to Member States for available data on cadmium levels in binders or anticaking agents and for lead in game-meat as used in the pet-food sector.

Recent publication of the EFSA Opinion (2019, No.5754) on Occurrence data of nickel in feed and animal exposure assessment. Whilst there are no direct issues from animal feed per se, there is concern on products of animal origin.

Whilst no date was provided, the Commission still intends to host the second working group on the review of Regulation (EC) 152/2009 on analytical methods in feed over the Summer months.

More about SCoPAFF and its Animal Nutrition Section

SCoPAFF is a European Commission regulatory committee that was established by Regulation 178/2002, a regulation that includes the laying down of principles and requirements of feed law. Meetings of the committee are chaired by European Commission officials and attended by member states' representatives. The Committee can give an opinion, that is to say a vote, on certain proposed measures, prior to their possible adoption by the Commission.