Radioactivity in Food and the Environment (RIFE) Report 2016

Last updated:
18 October 2017
radiological safety
The FSA has published the annual Radioactivity in Food and the Environment (RIFE) report, which shows that the level of man-made radioactivity to which people in the UK are exposed, remained below the EU legal limit during 2016.

Key findings

The key findings are:

  • The total radiation dose to members of the public in the UK is significantly below the EU annual dose limit of 1 millisievert for all exposures.
  • The exposure of consumers to radioactivity in 2016 was similar than in 2015 for the majority of nuclear sites.
  • In 2016, habit surveys were carried out at Amersham, Heysham and Sellafield in England, and in Faslane and Torness in Scotland.  The results were used to improve the assessment of doses to the members of the public near nuclear licensed sites.

Where the results come from

The report combines FSA’s monitoring results with those of the Environment Agency, the Northern Ireland Environment Agency and the Scottish Environment Protection Agency. It also combines the FSA’s data on food with data on environmental sources of radioactivity to provide a comprehensive picture for people who live close to nuclear sites and eat locally produced food.

The science behind the story: 

Radioactivity has been around since the Earth began and it exists naturally in the atmosphere, soil, seas and rivers. It is also created by human activity during energy production and military operations, and very small amounts get into the food and drink we consume. However, the vast majority of radioactivity found in food results from natural rather than man-made sources.

The main purpose of the FSA’s monitoring programme is to make sure that levels of radionuclides in food and drink from discharges do not cause unacceptable exposure to radioactivity through our food.