1. The current controls on the sale of raw cows' drinking milk in hygiene and food labelling regulations are:
a) the milk may only be sold direct to consumers by registered milk production holdings (at the farm gate or in a farmhouse catering operation) or through milk roundsmen. Sales through other outlets have been banned since 1985 (although sales by the farmer at farmers markets are allowed);
b) the supplying animals must be from a herd that is officially tuberculosis free, and either brucellosis free or officially brucellosis free;
c) the production holding, milking premises and dairy, must comply with hygiene rules;
d) the milk must bear the appropriate health warning;
e) compliance with a) to d) above is monitored by inspections twice a year; and
f) the milk is sampled and tested quarterly under the control of the Agency to monitor compliance with standards for total bacterial count and coliforms.
2. The sale of raw drinking milk from sheep, goats or buffaloes:
a) is not subject to the restriction at 1a) above;
b) raw drinking milk from buffaloes has to comply with the herd status requirement at 1b) above;
c) raw drinking milk from sheep and goats must come from animals belonging to a production holding that is either officially brucellosis free or brucellosis free;
d) raw drinking milk from these 3 species must comply with dairy hygiene rules and microbiological standards;
e) In England, raw drinking milk from sheep and goats, but not buffaloes, has to carry the health warning. In Wales, raw milk from all three species has to carry the appropriate health warning; and
f) compliance with these requirements is monitored at inspections programmed on a risk basis.
3. The sale of raw cream:
a) is not subject to the restrictions at 1a) and d) above;
b) must comply with all the requirements that apply to milk based products under dairy hygiene rules and microbiological standards;
c) must be made with milk meeting the herd status criteria described in paragraphs 1b) and 2b) and c) above;
d) raw cream is not required to carry the health warning; and
e) compliance with these requirements is, again, monitored at inspections programmed on risk.