All products imported into the UK must comply with the law on contaminants. These laws are put into place to protect public health.
The UK has left the EU, and the transition period after Brexit comes to an end this year. During the transition period, the UK continues to follow EU rules, including those for importing high-risk food and feed. There are certain types of food which are considered high risk, if you are involved with importing food from a non-EU country then you must be aware of this guidance.
If imported products fail to meet the correct standards they will not be allowed into the UK. It is important to note that goods can only be imported through Border Control Points (BCPs), where documentary checks must be carried out and physical checks may be required prior to release. If you are importing foods which contain contaminants you must ensure you import through a BCP, which can check your produce.
High risk products may be considered high risk if they contain:
- contaminants - mycotoxins and aflatoxins
Information on high-risk products, country of origin and the frequency of checks can be found in Regulation 2019/1793 as amended. This Regulation consolidates controls for products of non-animal origin, including aflatoxins, pesticide residues, guar gum and microbiological contamination.
Products that are controlled at the border, may be permitted to move inland pending the results of laboratory tests. However, arrangements must be put in place to ensure that the consignment remains under the continuous control of the competent authorities and cannot be tampered with in any manner pending the results of the laboratory checks. This can only be permitted with agreement of the port health authority.
Until the results of the laboratory checks are known, the consignment must be stored at a Customs-controlled warehouse or a UK External Temporary Storage Facility (ETSF). If you have any questions/queries, please email email@example.com
Aflatoxin levels in imported food
Aflatoxins are a type of toxin which are naturally found in food and are linked with cancer when eaten at high levels. Some spices, nuts, dried fruit and cereals, including cereal products like breakfast cereals, can contain high levels of aflatoxins.
There are limits on the level of aflatoxins that can be in foods imported into the UK and some products might need to be tested.
Foodstuffs with current restrictions
These controls exist to protect public health and may either suspend imports or specify conditions of import. In most cases, consignments may only be imported through designated entry points, documentary checks must be carried out and sampling and analysis or examination may be required prior to release. The list of restricted goods can be seen here.
Pesticide levels in imported food
Certain products of non-animal origin from certain third countries are controlled due to the risks of contamination with pesticides residues.
Importing produce from China
Products of animal origin which are imported from China must comply with specific health conditions.
The following products can enter the UK providing consignments adhere to the following rules:
- undergoes pre-shipment checks for the presence of the illegal veterinary medicines chloramphenicol and nitrofurans and their metabolites
- is accompanied by a signed declaration from the Chinese competent authority with the analytical check results
Fishery products are all animal products derived from fish. Aquaculture is a type of fishery product that has been farmed.
Consignments of aquaculture need to undergo pre-shipment checks for the presence of malachite green, crystal violet and their metabolites. Aquaculture must be accompanied by a signed declaration from the Chinese competent authority with the analytical results.
For full controls and a complete list of controlled products see the Commission Decision 2002/994/EC.
The import restrictions for some poultry products from China remain in place due to the outbreak of avian (bird) flu.
Importing produce from Japan
If you are importing produce from Japan you should follow Regulation EU 2016/6 as amended by Regulation EU 2019/1787 – imposing special conditions governing the import of feed and food originating in or consigned from Japan following the accident at the Fukushima nuclear power station.
Restricted food stuffs
Soy sauce containing 3-MCPD
Some soy sauce contains a dangerous chemical called 3-MCPD. There are limits on the levels of 3-MCPD that can be present in products imported into the UK and EU.
- soy sauce can contain levels of 3-MCPD no higher than 0.02 mg/kg
- this is for the liquid product containing 40% dry matter, which corresponds to a maximum level of 0.05 mg/kg in the dry matter
Import ban on jelly sweets
There are restrictions within the EU on the additives permitted in certain jelly confectionery because there is a risk of choking:
- The use in jelly mini-cups of certain additives specified in Annex II of Regulation 1333/2008, and the sale of these jelly mini-cups, is prohibited
- In addition, the use of E425 konjac in all jelly confectionery, including jelly mini-cups, and the sale of such confectionery, is not permitted under Regulation 1333/2008
- These provisions are enforced by way of The Food Additives, Flavourings, Enzymes and Extraction Solvents (England) Regulations 2013
Kava kava import ban
Kava Kava, a member of the pepper family, is as a traditional herbal remedy for the treatment of anxiety. The herb has been banned since 2003. This is because of concerns about its toxic effect on the liver. Kava kava supplements, or foods containing this herb cannot be imported into the UK.
Illegal dye in spices and palm oils
Certain spices are at risk of contamination. Food authorities regulate high risk imports. If illegal dye levels are at or above 0.5 parts per million (0.5ppm) they are rejected.
Spices at risk of contamination from illegal dye include:
- dried chilli
- chilli products
- curry powder
- palm oil
BCP application form
This is for proposed BCPs that will deal with food not of animal origin. The form sets out the legal requirements for both the facilities and staffing required. It also allows the port operators to specify certain controlled products when they do not be foresee having the facilities to be designated for all products. When port operators are applying for shared facilities, e.g. expecting to receive products of animal origin as well, they should approach the Animal and Port Health Agency for their expressions of interest (EOI).