Requirements and registration
Farmers producing animal feed must follow certain regulations to ensure that feed provided to animals is safe and that feed products can be traced in the event of a safety incident. The legislation complements the requirements that apply to the production of food as set out in the Food Hygiene Regulations. All farms producing animal feeds must be registered with the appropriate enforcement authority.
Farmers, as primary producers, those not mixing with additives and pre-mixtures, must follow basic hygiene procedures (Annex I of the Regulation) in relation to the feed they use or grow and ensure that hazards are properly controlled.
These measures include
prevent the contamination and spoilage of feed
clean equipment used for mixing, storing or transporting feed
maintain records of feed used or sold
In addition, Annex III of the Regulation on Good Animal Feeding Practices applies to livestock farmers feeding food-producing animals.
Farmers mixing with additives and pre-mixtures
Farmers which carry out activities other than primary production such as the mixing of feed for the exclusive requirements of their own holdings using additives or pre-mixtures of additives (with the exception of silage additives), should comply with the provisions in Annex II, where relevant, for those operations.
Annex II of retained EU Regulation 183/2005 provides further detail on how this applies to farmers using feed additives, for example, urea and pre-mixtures.
Those carried out should put in place, implement and maintain, a permanent written procedure or procedures based on the HACCP principles
Farmers mixing with additives and pre-mixtures will have to apply the principles of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) system.
See guidance on feed hygiene requirements for farmers mixing additives and pre-mixtures directly in feeds and mixing compound feed with additives.
EU references in FSA guidance documents
The FSA is updating all EU references, to accurately reflect the law now in force, in all new or amended guidance published since the Transition Period ended at the end of 2020. In some circumstances it may not always be practicable for us to have all EU references updated at the point we publish new or amended guidance.
Other than in Northern Ireland, any references to EU Regulations in this guidance should be read as meaning retained EU law. You can access retained EU law via HM Government EU Exit Web Archive. This should be read alongside any EU Exit legislation that was made to ensure retained EU law operates correctly in a UK context. EU Exit legislation is on legislation.gov.uk. In Northern Ireland, EU law will continue to apply in respect to the majority of food and feed hygiene and safety law, as listed in the Northern Ireland Protocol, and retained EU law will not apply to Northern Ireland in these circumstances.
Animal feed record-keeping requirements for farmers
There are specific record-keeping requirements for farmers who produce, use, grow or sell animal feed. Records should be retained until it is likely that products have been consumed, in some cases this may be several years.
Example of documents to keep
Invoices, receipts, delivery notes, feed labels
The use of any plant protection products and biocides. This includes herbicides, pesticides, rat baits, fly sprays, and disinfectants. Keep information on the name and date of use of products, together with pests, crops or areas treated.
Invoices, receipts, delivery notes, spray records, treatment and baiting records
Any occurrence of pests and diseases that may affect the safety of primary products, for example, on crops grown for feed use and records on measures to control hazards, for example, pest control systems and cleaning programmes
Farm diary, washing and cleaning protocols, relevant invoices, receipts and statements from contractors. Records of treatments, for example, application of fumigants, rat baiting diagrams
The results of any laboratory analyses on samples of feeds that may have importance for feed safety, for example, for mercury or lead.
Feed labels and details of any analyses undertaken
Use of genetically modified (GM) seeds. Please note - no GM seeds are authorised for commercial planting in the UK at present.
Seed labels and invoices
Records should be retained until it is likely that products, for example, milk, meat, eggs, have been consumed. This may be several years.