Importing bakery products
Guidance on licensing, labelling, packaging, and chemical safety when importing bakery products.
Imports of bakery products such as bread, cakes, biscuits and cookies from third countries must meet the same or equivalent food hygiene and compositional standards and procedures as food produced in GB.
You do not normally need a health certificate to import these products.
Although you don’t usually need a health or hygiene licence to import food, many foods from third countries do require licences for trading purposes and may be subject to quotas.
The Rural Payments agency (RPA) provides further information on import licenses
General information about food labelling can be found on GOV.UK
For advice on labelling of specific products, contact your local authority’s Trading Standards Department or Environmental Health Department.
Food contact materials and articles, including those used for food packaging, are controlled in GB by retained UK law.
The legislation is thorough in its control of plastic materials and articles intended for food use.
For information on the safety of packaging, please contact the Food Contact Materials team.
For general enquiries on food hygiene please contact the Food Hygiene Policy team.
Some bakery products may contain food colourings, flavourings or sweeteners.
Although these may be approved by the food authority in the country of origin, some of them may not be approved in GB.
For information on food flavourings, sweeteners, colourings and preservatives, please contact the Food Additives team.
A guidance note on the Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2013, which make provision for enactment and enforcement of retained UK law which sets out regulatory limits for the following contaminants:
The Health and safety Executive's Chemicals Regulation Directorate provides information on pesticides safety levels for imports.
Imports of certain foodstuffs from certain third countries, including some bakery products, are subject to special conditions due to contamination risk by aflatoxins. This will mean that consignments can only enter GB through specific ports or airports which are authorised Border Control Posts (BCP) where official controls will be carried out.
We provide further business guidance on mycotoxins and further information for business operators on our website.
There is retained UK legislation covering fusarium toxin contamination in bakery products. For advice on this legislation and fusarium toxin testing requirements, contact the Chemical Contaminants team.
Advertising nutrition and health claims
Information on advertising nutritional and health claims on foods, can be found on the DH customer service centres website.
If you are importing the following organic products from a third country:
- live or unprocessed agricultural products
- processed agricultural for use as food or feed
- vegetative propagating material
- seeds for cultivation from outside the EU
- You need to seek further advice from DEFRA
Products of animal origin
Although cakes, biscuits and pastries can contain small amounts of products of animal origin such as eggs, butter or suet, their import would also normally be covered by The Official Feed and Food Controls (England) Regulations 2009. Due to the processes used to make cakes, biscuits and pastries (mixing then cooking), these are not normally considered to be products of animal origin.
The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) provides information on the rules for importing a cake, biscuit or pastry with a fresh cream or butter filling or topping. APHA is an Executive Agency of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA).
Published: 31 January 2018
Last updated: 15 October 2021