The Department of Health provides information on nutritional labelling policy for food supplements and health claims on their website.
If the supplement claims that it has the property of preventing, treating or curing a human disease or any reference to such a property, it may be classified as a medicine and the MHRA should be contacted for advice (contact details as above).
Food supplements, like other foods, are not required to demonstrate their effectiveness before marketing, nor are they subject to prior approval unless they are genetically modified or are ‘novel’.
Novel foods do not have a history of consumption in the EU before May 1997, and are subject to the terms and conditions of the Novel Foods Regulation 2015/2283.
For further information contact the Novel Foods Division team by email.
The Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2013 makes provision for enactment and enforcement of Commission Regulations setting regulatory limits for contaminants in food, such as nitrate, mycotoxins, metals, 3-MCPD, dioxins and PAHs.
Read our business guidance on contaminants.
Products of animal origin
If the imported food supplements or health food contain any products of animal origin then, among other requirements, this may require certification of the product, the premises that produce the product being licensed by the EU and veterinary checks at the point of entry to the UK. The following contacts will be able to advise on the different types of products of animal origin
If the product might contain any meat, meat products, honey, milk or dairy products, eggs or their products please contact the Animal and Plant Health Agency's website. APHA is an Executive Agency of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA).
We are responsible for imports from non-EU countries of unfilled gelatine capsules and food supplements in gelatine capsules for human consumption.
However, if the capsule contains a product of animal origin then those contents may not be exempt from the import requirements that apply to animal products. This might include a requirement for an APHA Import Licence.
Examples are certain food supplements that contain
- milk products (dried milk powder, whey or lactose)
- egg products (dried egg powder)
- meat products (any animal tissues such as thymus glands or ground bone material)
- fishery products (such as ground shell or bones)
- different, stricter import rules apply to these types of products
Gelatine capsules for pharmaceutical use have separate import rules. For information on these rules you will need to contact the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA).
Imports from certain countries
Guidance on certain health foods or supplements which have specific information that you need to know about if importing.
Semax in Russia
Semax is used in Russia as a nutritional food administered in nasal drops for the rehabilitation of patients suffering from Parkinson’s Disease, Alzheimers Disease, strokes and other serious conditions. In the UK it is considered by MHRA to be a medicine rather than a food item. Semax may only be sold or supplied in the UK if a marketing Authorisation has previously been granted for them.
Lead calabash chalk and clay
Calabash chalk is eaten in West Africa, as a remedy for morning sickness in pregnant women.
We advise people, especially pregnant and breast-feeding women, not to eat Calabash chalk, because FSA surveillance has revealed high levels of lead in the calabash chalk ranging from 8.2 mg/kg to 16.1 mg/kg and we consider levels over 1 mg/kg of lead in this product should be considered unfit for human consumption.
We advise pregnant and breast-feeding women not to eat calabash clay which is also known as ‘sikor’ or ‘shikor mati’ because it may contain high levels of toxic chemicals such as lead and arsenic that could harm their babies. Calabash clay is sometimes consumed by people in communities from Asia and Africa.
Imports of feed and food from Japan
Imports of all feed and food originating in or consigned from Japan to the EU are subject to special conditions. This is following the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Japan in 2011.
This will mean that consignments of feed and food can only enter the UK through specific ports and airports where official controls will be carried out.
For information on safety of food contact materials and articles, including those used for food packaging please contact Food Contact Materials team by email.
For general enquiries on food hygiene please contact the Food Hygiene Policy team by email.
For information on dietetic foods please visit the Department of Health's website.
Food contact materials team
Food hygiene policy
Novel foods team