Thorough cooking kills harmful bacteria in food. Undercooked food could cause food poisoning.
Most types of meat should be thoroughly cooked as there could be harmful bacteria in the middle. You should thoroughly cook the following types of meat:
- poultry, for example chicken or turkey
- duck and other fowl
- rolled joints
- products made from minced meat, such as burgers, sausages and kebabs
- kidneys, liver and other types of offal
Before you serve them, check that:
- they are steaming hot all the way through
- any juices run clear
- there’s no pink or rare meat inside
With whole cuts of beef and lamb such as steaks, cutlets and roasting joints (not rolled joints), it is usually only the surface which can be contaminated with food poisoning bacteria. Make sure the meat surface is properly cooked and sealed to kill any bacteria, even if the middle of the meat is still pink.
Cooking liver pâté
- heat liver cores to 70°C for 2 minutes to make sure they are campylobacter free
- pre-freeze livers to reduce the risk of campylobacter
- safe cooking methods also include bain marie or sous vide
The following recipe offers a method for making chicken liver pâté that is campylobacter free:
Standard advice is to cook food until it has reached a core temperature of 70°C for 2 minutes.
The other time and temperature combinations are:
- 60°C for 45 minutes
- 65°C for 10 minutes
- 70°C for 2 minutes
- 75°C for 30 seconds
- 80°C for 6 seconds
Cooking food at the right temperature and for the correct length of time will ensure that any harmful bacteria are killed.
You can check the temperature of a food, using a clean probe. Insert the probe so that the tip is in the centre of the food or the thickest part.
Food safety coaching video – Cooking safely
Checking that foods are cooked thoroughly to kill harmful bacteria.
Keeping food hot
Hot food when held must be kept at 63°C or above. You can keep it below 63°C for up to two hours. If it has not been used within two hours, you should either:
- cool the food as quickly as possible to a temperature of 8°C or below
- throw it away
It is very important to reheat food properly to kill harmful bacteria that may have grown since the food was cooked.
Reheating means cooking again, not just warming up. Always reheat food until it is steaming hot all the way through. You can only reheat your food once.
Food safety coaching video – Reheating
Reheating food until it is steaming hot.