Imports of Plant products and vegetarian products from countries outside the European Union (EU) must meet the same standards of food hygiene and go through the same procedures as food produced in the EU. This page covers plant products like:
- kidney beans
- mycoproteins such as quorn
- soy products such as textured vegetable protein (TVP)
- sunflower seeds
- pumpkin seeds
You may not need a health or hygiene licence to import food, but many foods from countries outside the EU require licences for trading purposes and may be subject to quotas.
Food colourings, flavourings and sweeteners
Some plant and vegetarian products may contain food colourings, flavourings or sweeteners. Although these may be approved by the food authority in the country of origin, some of them may not be approved in the EU. Email our Food Additives team email@example.com for any queries.
You will find general information about food labelling on GOV.UK For advice on the labelling of specific products, please contact your local authority’s Trading Standards Department or your local Environmental Health Department.
If you are importing organic products (live or unprocessed agricultural products, processed agricultural for use as food or feed and vegetative propagating material and seeds for cultivation), from outside the EU, contact the Organic Imports team at DEFRA. For information on organic regulation and standards (including labelling) within the UK please contact the Organic Strategy team.
Food contact materials and articles, including those used for food packaging, are controlled by a comprehensive EU harmonised legislation that has been fully implemented in the UK. This legislation is particularly thorough in its control of plastic materials and articles intended for food use. For information on the safety of packaging please contact the Food Contact Materials team at firstname.lastname@example.org
For general enquiries on food hygiene, including frozen food and seeds for sprouting, please contact our Food Hygiene Policy Team at email@example.com.
Information on pesticides safety levels contact Health and Safety Executive’s (HSE) Chemicals Regulation Directorate (CRD).
The Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2013 make provision for enactment and enforcement of Commission Regulations setting regulatory limits for contaminants in food, such as nitrate, mycotoxins, metals, 3-MCPD, dioxins and PAHs.
There are some import restrictions/requirements that can apply to plant products or vegetarian products. These are as follows:
Imports of certain feed and food of non-animal origin that are considered to be higher-risk can only enter the UK through specific ports and airports which are designated border control points (BCPs) where official controls will be carried out. A higher-risk product is feed or food that is either known to be, or is, an emerging risk to public health. Read our business guidance on mycotoxins.
As of 1 January 2010 imports of certain foodstuffs from certain non-EU countries are subject to special conditions due to contamination risk by aflatoxins. This will mean that consignments can only enter the EU through specific ports or airports which are BCPs, where official controls will be carried out. Information for business operators as well as our guidance on mycotoxins.
Vegetarian foods containing dairy products
Many vegetarian foods contain dairy products and as such may be considered as products of animal origin. For further information please contact the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) in Carlisle on 01228 403 600 (option 3) or by email at firstname.lastname@example.org. APHA is an Executive Agency of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA).
Plant health requirements
There are a number of plant products that are either prohibited from entering the UK from countries outside the EU, or require a phytosanitary certificate to do so. Official controls and restrictions on the import, movement, and keeping of plants, plant pests and other material (e.g. soil) are vital to help prevent the introduction and spread of harmful organisms.
For more information about any plant health requirements, or whether the fruit or vegetables you want to import require a phytosanitary certificate, please contact the Plant Health team on the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) website.
Imports of feed and food from Japan
As of 27 March 2011 imports of all feed and food originating in or consigned from Japan to the EU are subject to special conditions. This is following the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Japan in March 2011. This will mean that consignments of feed and food can only enter the UK through specific ports and airports where official controls will be carried out. Further information for business operators.