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Research project

Radioactivity in Food and the Environment (RIFE) 2009

RIFE 15 is the eighth joint annual report combining the results of the radiological monitoring programmes of the Food Standards Agency (FSA), the Environment Agency, the Scottish Environment Protection Agency and the Environment and Heritage Services of Northern Ireland. The RIFE 15 report includes data for samples collected in 2009.

Last updated: 26 January 2022
Last updated: 26 January 2022

The main purposes of the FSA's monitoring programme are to ensure that discharges of radioactivity do not result in unacceptable doses to people through their diet and to check that levels of radioactivity in food are low.

The RIFE report is the only independent report of radioactivity in food covering the whole of the UK. The data are mainly used to calculate the potential dose to consumers eating locally grown food around the UK's nuclear sites. Other dose assessments are included for consumers in areas well away from nuclear sites where sources of naturally occurring radiation are known to contribute to the radioactivity in the general diet.

The report contains sections on radiological dose assessment methods, recently published surveys and research, current legislation and updates on UK, European Union (EU) and international commitments pertinent to the radiological protection area.

Radioactivity in the environment comes from several sources, including natural radiation, residues from the Chernobyl accident and atmospheric testing, plus radioactive discharges and emissions from nuclear and non-nuclear sites (authorised premises). The report focuses on key information that is used carry to out assessments of food safety from radiological sources and the public’s exposure to ionising radiation around the 39 nuclear sites across the UK.

The report shows that in 2009, consumers' exposure to artificially produced radioactivity via the food chain (for aquatic, terrestrial and total dose pathways) remained below the EU annual dose limit to members of the public of 1 millisievert for all artificial sources of radiation.

More in this section

Provisional radioactivity surveillance results for 2009

The following tables give the provisional results for the Food Standards Agency's aquatic and terrestrial radioactivity surveillance programmes around nuclear sites in England and Wales during the period 1 January to 31 December 2009.




Research report

England, Northern Ireland and Wales

England, Northern Ireland and Wales