Starting a food business

This section gives you all the advice you need to start a food business.

Contact your local authority

Before opening, get in touch with your local authority. They will be able to help you:

  • determine whether you need to register your food business, or apply for approval
  • to plan your business
  • organise waste and recycling collection
  • get appropriate training and tools

Register your business

Registration applies to most types of food business, including catering businesses run from home and mobile or temporary premises, such as stalls and vans. You should register your premises with the environmental health service at your local authority at least 28 days before opening – registration is free. If you have more than one premises, you will need to register all of them. You can register using the food business registration service on GOV.UK.

If you plan to manufacture food using products of animal origin such as meat, fish, milk and dairy products and you aren’t exclusively selling the products that you make to the public, then you might need to be approved first by your local authority.

You should contact your local authority for advice before you start, and if necessary they can provide you with the application form and help you to apply.

Checklist for starting up

  • Have you registered your premises?
  • Do the design and construction of your premises meet legal requirement?
  • Are you aware of the main General Food Law Requirements?
  • Do you keep written records of all the suppliers that provide you with food or any food ingredients?
  • Have you put food safety management procedures in place and are you keeping up-to-date records of these?
  • Do you and your staff understand the principles of good food hygiene?
  • Have you considered health and safety and fire safety arrangements?
  • Have you registered as self-employed?
  • Do you need to register for VAT?
  • Are you keeping records of all your business income and expenses?
  • Are you keeping records of your employees’ pay and do you know how to pay their tax and National Insurance contributions?
  • Do you describe food and drink accurately?
  • Do you need to apply for a licence to sell alcohol, for entertainment, for selling hot food and drink late at night, or selling food on the street?

Useful resources

Good food hygiene is essential to help prevent food poisoning and protect your reputation with customers. The FSA provides resources to help food businesses produce safe food, including:

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